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Review of Maritime Transport 2018

1. 國際海運貿易動態 .........................................1A. 整體趨勢...........................................................3B. 按貨物類型分列的世界海運貿易 ..................9C. 政策考量與未來展望 .....................................152. 世界船隊的結構、所有權和登記情況 ..........21A. 世界船隊的結構 .............................................23B. 世界船隊的所有權和運營情形 ......................29C. 船舶登記............................................................34D. 造船、拆船與新造船 ......................................37E. 評估航運中的性別平等層面 ..........................38F. 政策考量與未來展望 ......................................413. 運價和海運成本 .............................................43A. 貨櫃運價:市場顯著改善 ............................ 45B. 乾散貨運價:顯著復甦 .................................51C. 液態貨船運價:充滿挑戰的一年 .................52D. 減少航運業溫室氣體排放:市場措施 .........54E. 政策考量與未來展望 ......................................584. 港口 .................................................................63A. 全球港口的整體趨勢 .....................................65B. 全球貨櫃港口 ..................................................71C. 全球乾散貨碼頭 ..............................................76D. 港口數位化.........................................................78E. 政策考量與未來展望 ........................................805. 法律問題與法規動態 ........................................83A. 海運業的技術發展以及新問題 ........................85B. 與減少國際航運溫室氣體排放與其他環境問題有關的法規動態 .............93C. 影響航運運輸的其他法律和法規動態 ............96D. 各公約的現況 ...................................................98E. 政策考量與未來展望 ......................................98


1. DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL SEABORNE TRADE.........................1
A. General trends...............................................................................3
B. World seaborne trade by cargo type...................................................9
C. Outlook and policy considerations .....................................................5
2. STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND REGISTRATION OF THE WORLD FLEET...21
A. World fleet structure.......................................................................23
B. World fleet ownership and operation..................................................29
C. Ship registration.............................................................................34
D. Shipbuilding, demolition and new orders............................................ 37
E. Assessing gender equality aspects in shipping......................................38
F. Outlook and policy considerations.......................................................41
3. FREIGHT RATES AND MARITIME TRANSPORT COSTS..............................43
A. Container freight rates: Considerable market improvements....................45
B. Dry bulk freight rates: Notable recovery...............................................51
C. Tanker freight rates: A challenging year...............................................52
D. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction in shipping: Market-based measures..54
E. Outlook and policy considerations........................................................58
4. PORTS.............................................................................................63
A. Overall trends in global ports .............................................................65
B. Global container ports .......................................................................71
C. Global dry bulk terminals ...................................................................76
D. Digitalization in ports ........................................................................78
E. Outlook and policy considerations ........................................................80
5. LEGAL ISSUES AND REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS...................................83
A. Technological developments and emerging issues in the maritime industry..85
B. Regulatory developments related to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping and other environmental issues..............................93
C. Other legal and regulatory developments affecting transportation..............96
D. Status of conventions.........................................................................97
E. Outlook and policy considerations.........................................................98


資料來源:聯合國貿易和發展會議(UNCTAD)
http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=1650


發佈日期:2020/05/27 12:08:30       更新日期:2020/11/23 16:51:46

附件 Review of Maritime Transport 2018.pdf



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