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Review of Maritime Transport 2017

Note......................ii Acknowledgements......................iii Abbreviations......................vii Explanatory notes......................viii Executive summary......................x 1. DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL SEABORNE TRADE...............................1 A. World economic situation......................3 B. World seaborne trade......................5 C. Outlook and policy considerations......................14 2. STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND REGISTRATION OF THE WORLD FLEET................21 A. World fleet structure................................................................................. 23 B. World fleet ownership and operation......................28 C. Ship registration......................32 D. Shipbuilding, demolition and new orders...................................................... 34 E. Future trends in maritime transport supply and relevant requirements............... 35 F. Outlook and policy considerations......................40 3. FREIGHT RATES AND MARITIME TRANSPORT COSTS........................................43 A. Container freight rates......................45 B. Dry bulk freight rates......................50 C. Tanker freight rates......................52 D. International transport costs......................55 E. Outlook and policy considerations......................56 4. PORTS......................61 A. World container port developments......................63 B. World container ports and liner shipping market developments........................ 67 C. Private sector participation in ports......................73 D. Outlook and policy considerations......................78 5. LEGAL ISSUES AND REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS..........................................83 A. Technological challenges and opportunities in the global shipping industry........ 85 B. Regulatory developments relating to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping, and other environmental issues......................89 C. Other legal and regulatory developments affecting transportation.................... 91 D. Policy considerations......................92 6. MARITIME TRANSPORT CONNECTIVITY......................99 A. Container ship deployment and liner shipping connectivity ............................ 101 B. Maritime cabotage: Intracountry connectivity and global shipping networks...... 106 C. Trade and maritime transport facilitation......................109 D. Outlook and policy considerations......................111


根據根據聯合國貿易和發展會議(UNCTAD)的2017年海運市場回顧最新報告年公布航港資訊如下
1.全球所有船舶載重量前五名的船東是希臘,日本,中國,德國和新加坡;,這五個國家的運能在全球市場的合計為49.5%。
2.全球最大的五個船籍註冊國家或地區在分別是巴拿馬,賴比瑞亞,馬紹爾群島,香港(中國)和新加坡是;他們擁有57.8%的市場份額。
3.全球前三大造船國家在分別是韓國,中國和日本三國在2016年佔世界總噸位的91.8%;其中大韓民國占比例最高為38.1%。
4.全球前四大船舶拆解國家分別是印度,孟加拉國,巴基斯坦和中國,四國共佔2016年船舶拆解的94.9%。
資料來源:聯合國貿易和發展會議(UNCTAD)
http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=1890








 


發佈日期:2017/11/06 10:02:43

附件 Review of Maritime Transport 2017.pdf



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