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Review of Maritime Transport 2015

Note...................................................................... ii Acknowledgements.......................................................... iii List of tables, figures and boxes......................................... v Abbreviations ............................................................ vii Explanatory notes........................................................ viii Vessel groupings used in the Review of Maritime Transport ............... ix Executive summary........................................................ x 1. DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL SEABORNE TRADE ......................... 1 A. World economic situation and prospects................................ 2 B. World seaborne trade.................................................. 5 C. Sustainable and resilient maritime transport systems.................. 21 2. STRUCTURE, OWNERSHIP AND REGISTRATION OF THE WORLD FLEET ............. 29 A. Structure of the world fleet.......................................... 30 B. Ownership and operation of the world fleet............................ 35 C. Container ship deployment and liner shipping connectivity ............ 39 D. Registration of ships................................................. 41 E. Shipbuilding, demolition and new orders............................... 43 3. FREIGHT RATES AND MARITIME TRANSPORT COSTS ........................... 47 A. Determinants of maritime transport costs ............................. 48 B. International transport costs......................................... 54 C. Recent developments in freight rates.................................. 56 4. PORTS ................................................................ 65 A. Ports and port-related developments .................................. 66 B. International terminal operators...................................... 70 C. Sustainability challenges facing ports ............................... 73 5. LEGAL ISSUES AND REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS.............................. 79 A. Important developments in transport law............................... 80 B. Regulatory developments relating to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping and other environmental issues.................................. 83 C. Other legal and regulatory developments affecting transportation ..... 89 D. Status of conventions................................................. 96 E. Trade facilitation and sustainable development ....................... 97


資料來源:聯合國貿易和發展會議(UNCTAD)
http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=1374


發佈日期:2017/11/03 12:21:27

附件 Review of maritime transport 2015.pdf



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